ASTM D 4158

Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Uniform Abrasion)

Applicable Apparatus:  The Frazier Schiefer Uniform Abrasion Tester

ASTM
D
4158
2001
D4158-01 Standard Guide for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Uniform Abrasion)

1. Scope

1.1 This guide covers the determination of the resistance to abrasion of a wide range of textile materials using the uniform abrasion testing instrument. Fabrics of all types including carpets, garments and nonwovens may be tested under this method.

Note 1-- Other procedures for measuring the abrasion resistance of textile fabrics are given in: Test Methods D3884, D3885, D3886, D4157, D4966, and AATCC Test Method 93.

1.1.1 Provisions are provided for testing specimens in dry and wet conditions. Four options for evaluation are included:

Option 1--Fabric Rupture
Option 2--Mass Loss
Option 3-Thickness Loss
Option 4--Breaking Strength Loss

1.1.2 Provision is provided for testing specimens in the wet state.

1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as the standard. Within the text, the inch-pound units are shown in parentheses. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.

1.3 This guide does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents

D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles
D1776 Practice for Conditioning Textiles for Testing
D3884 Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double Head Method)
D3885 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Flexing and Abrasion Method)
D3886 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Inflated Diaphragm Apparatus)
D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)
D4966 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Martindale Abrasion Tester Method)
D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method)
AATCC Test Method 93, Abrasion Resistance of Fabrics: Accelerator Method

Index Terms

abrasion; abrasion resistance; carpets; floor coverings; nonwoven; pile; rugs; textile; textile fabrics; uniform; yarn; martindale, taber, schiefer, fraser, frazier, 59.080.30

Subject Index:  Frazier, Schiefer, Resistance-abrasion (textile fabrics/fibers); Textile fabrics (general)-abrasion resistance; Textile fabrics (nonwoven); Uniform abrasion method; abrasion resistance of textile fabrics, by uniform abrasion method; test

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Applicable Apparatus:  The Frazier Schiefer Uniform Abrasion Tester