ASTM D 1117

Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonwoven Fabrics

Applicable Apparatus:  The Frazier Differential Pressure Air Permeability Tester; The Frazier Compressometer; The Frazier Schiefer Uniform Abrasion Tester; The Frazier Schiefer Thickness Tester

ASTM
D
1117
2001
D1117-01 Standard Guide for Evaluating Nonwoven Fabrics

1. Scope

1.1 This guide covers procedures for testing nonwoven fabrics. The test procedures appear in the following sections:

Abrasion Resistance - Section 18
Absorbency - Section 21
Air Permeability - Section 8
Breaking Force and Elongation - Section 9
Bursting Strength - Section 10
Conditioning - Section 7
Dimensional Change - Section 20
Drycleaning - Section 11
Flexural Rigidity - Section 12
Mass Per Unit Area (Note 2) - Section 17
Resin Binder Distribution - Section 22
Seam Breaking Strength - Section 13
Trapezoid Tear - Section 14
Tongue Tear (Single Rip) - Section 15
Elmendorf Tear - Section 16
Thickness - Section 19

Note 2—The terms "machine" and "cross machine" must be substituted for "warp" and "filling," respectively, throughout these test methods wherever pertinent.

1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only and may be approximate.

1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

2. Referenced Documents

D123 Terminology Relating to Textile Materials
D737 Test Method for Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics
D1683 Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics
D1776 Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles
D2724 Test Method for Bonded and Laminated Apparel Fabrics
D3776 Test Methods for Mass per Unit Area (Weight) of Woven Fabric
D3786 Test Method for Hydraulic Bursting Strength of Knitted Goods and Nonwoven Fabrics: Diaphragm Bursting Strength Tester Method
D3884 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method)
D3885 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Flexing and Abrasion Method)
D3886 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Inflated Diaphragm Method)
D4158 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Uniform Abrasion Method)
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
D5035 Test Method for Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Test)
D5729 Test Method for Thickness of Nonwoven Fabrics
D5732 Test Method for Stiffness of Nonwoven Fabrics Using the Cantilever Test
D5733 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Nonwoven Fabrics by the Trapezoid Procedure
D5734 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Nonwoven Fabrics by the Falling-Pendulum (Elmendorf) Apparatus
D5735 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Nonwoven Fabrics by the Tongue (Single Rip) Procedure (CRE Testing)
D5736 Test Method for Thickness of Highloft Nonwoven Fabrics
D5908 Test Method for Resin Binder Distribution and Binder Penetration Analysis of Polyester Nonwoven Fabrics
F778 Test Methods for Gas Flow Resistance Testing of Filtration Media
EDNA Test Method 10.3-Nonwovens Absorption

Index Terms

abrasion resistance; air permeability; breaking strength; dimensional change; drycleaning; elongation; fabric; fabric bursting strength; highloft; mass per unit area; nonwoven fabric; seam strength; stiffness; tearing strength; thickness; 59.080.30

Applicable Apparatus:  The Frazier Differential Pressure Air Permeability Tester; The Frazier Compressometer; The Frazier Schiefer Uniform Abrasion Tester; The Frazier Schiefer Thickness Tester